Mycorrhizal Fungi is a soil fungus that is essential to soil fertility and the root system. The fungus acts as an extension of the root itself and determines the flow of water, nutrients, and air into the soil and directs the pathways of root growth. It also opens up channels for healthy soil organisms to live and travel.
What are the benefits of mycorrhizal fungi?
- Increase crop yields in nutrient poor soils and in plants that are naturally low on nutrients.
- Restore structure and fertility in depleted soils.
- Soil is less susceptible to water and wind damage.
- Allows nutrients to be more mobile through the mycrobial pahtways.
- Protects the roots from disease organisms.
- Resistant to stress during production.
- Re-establishes the natural ecology, creating a sustainable crop.
What plants benefit most from mycorrhizal fungi?
Plant species differ in the extent and dependence on mycorrhizae. These are the plant species that benefit most.
- Vegetables: corn, carrots, leek, potatoes, beans, soybeans, tomatoes, peppers, onions, garlic
- Fruit: strawberries, citrus, apples, peaches, grapes
- Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugarcane
Certain mycorrhizal seeds of the fungus have been selected for their establishment and growth-enhancing abilities. You must create physical contact between the mycorrhizae and the plant root. This can be done by sprinkling the seeds onto the roots or in the seed beds, blended into potting soil, watered in via existing irrigation systems, or probed into the root zone of existing plants. Generally, the application process is fairly inexpensive and requires no special equipment and depends on the conditions and needs of the circumstance.